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Separation: Deprivation | AQA B Psychology
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Separation: Deprivation

DeprivationLosing something which a person once had, (secure relationship, bonded with a mother).

  • Child doesn’t want carer to leave, rejects when she returns:
    • Protest – crying and struggling.
    • Despair – becomes calm, cries quietly, unhappy
    • Detachment – little emotion, unconcerned. Rejects carer when returns.
  • SCHAFFER– certain children suffer more in separation situations:
    • Males
    • Difficult temperament (personality)
    • History of family conflict
    • Parents psychologically unavailable
    • Suffers repeated separations
  • Separation Anxiety – Children who have experienced separations suggest that one long term consequence may be a fear that separation may occur again. Increased clinging, aggression towards carer. In adulthood, may result in fear of abandonment in relationship making, difficult to trust other people.
  • HARLOW – Deprivation in monkeys.

Experiment: BELSKY

Aim: Investigated the effects of day care on attachment relationships.

Method: Collated results of number of previously published studies. Included time children spent in non-maternal care and info about their attachment.

Results: 464 children – 26% day-care /less than 20hrs per week – Insecure attachments and 41% day-care /more than 20 hrs per week – Insecure

Conclusion: More than 20hrs per week = negative affect on attachment.

Separation situations occur when parents divorce, divorced parents show some negative life outcomes – lower academic attainment, delinquency. Data is correlation, doesn’t show separation after divorce causes negative effects.

SCHAFFER – effects of divorce related separations + several factors that help reduce effects of separation:

  • Regular contact with absent parent
  • Reduced parental conflict
  • Avoidance of further disruption, moving school

Children cope differently, some increase contact with friends or siblings (JENKINS)

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