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A2 Module 4 | AQA B Psychology - Part 2


Self-Esteem and Friendship

Consequence of High and Low Self-Esteem High self-esteem – positive outcomes Low self-esteem – negative outcomes Bee – summarises effects of high self-esteem on children: Higher academic ability Feelings of control over own achievements and failures More popular with peers More positive relationships with parents Know who they are and what they want to be [...]

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Anorexia Nervosa: Introduction and Symptoms

Anorexia Nervosa The term anorexia nervosa means ‘loss of appetite for nervous reasons’. However, the term is misleading, as most sufferers do keep an appetite for food, which they strictly attempt to control through starvation, over-exercising, vomiting and the excessive use of laxatives. Anorexia nervosa seems to occur manly in women. Some studies suggest that [...]

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Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa: Explanations

Explanations Of Anorexia Nervosa BIOLOGICAL APPROACH Modern biological models see the hypothalamus as being involved in AN. This part of the brain plays an important role in the regulation of eating. Kaplan & Woodside (1987) showed that when the neurotransmitter noradlrenaline acts on part of the hypothalamus, animals begin eating & show a marked preference for [...]

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Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa: Treatments and their Effectiveness

Treatments for Eating Disorders Weight Restoration For severe anorexics – they have to be hospitalised Calories pumped into the patient, under supervision Introduction to eating meals Changing Cognitions (Cognitive Therapy) Examining and replacing problematic thoughts. Replacing faulty ideas. Maintaining new thoughts; written plans Evaluation (Cognitive Therapy) Successful for long-term Better than drug therapy Involves direct [...]

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Bulima Nervosa: Introduction and Symptoms

Bulimia Nervosa Bulimics are believed to suffer from a different manifestation of the same illness as anorexics. Binge-eating vast quantities of food is followed by purging – either by inducing vomiting or the use of laxatives. Food is not absorbed into the system, and the same distorted self-image applies. Some have called them “failed anorexics”, [...]

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Eating Disorders: Video Clips (Dying to be Thin)

A few video clips regarding both anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Learn more about their symptoms, treatments and listen to the experiences of real patients with the disorder Watch Videos Here Generate a PDF Version (Save and Print this page)

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Anxiety Disorders: An Introduction to Phobias & Explanations

BIOLOGICAL APPROACH Genetic Factors Some people acquire phobias whilst others do not, even if they have the same opportunities for learning. Suggests biology/genetics may play a role. The main evidence on genetic factors in the development of phobias comes from twin studies, although some family studies have also been carried out. • Twin studies (attempt [...]

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Anxiety Disorders: Treatments and their Effectiveness

Treatment BEHAVIOUR THERAPY Behaviour therapy developed during the late 1950s & .1960s. The underlying ideas are that most forms of mental illness occur through maladaptive (faulty) learning, & that the best treatment consists of appropriate new learning. Behaviour therapy is therefore based on the assumption that classical & operant conditioning can change unwanted/abnormal behaviour (e.g. [...]

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DSM IV Criteria for Specific Phobia/Social Phobia (PDF)

A bullet-point sheet outlining all the DSM IV criteria for Specific Phobia View the worksheet here Generate a PDF Version (Save and Print this page)

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Introduction, Explanations and Treatments

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Everyone has a fear or routine for something But, someone with an OCD → becomes so invasive and is accompanied by severe anxiety → cant function effectively in daily life Is the most severe anxiety disorders and is the most difficult to treat Obsession – persistent and recurrent, thoughts and images which [...]

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