Articles

Introduction to Attachment

The Role of the Caregiver Klaus and Kennel – Contact after birth necessary for development of attachment in critical period, enjoyed better relationships with child. Immediate contact – tender care/interactions and spend more time looking at them Sensitive Responsiveness = successfully attachments Messer – Caregiver communicates on child interests, ensuring child attends to communication Generate [...]

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Separation: Deprivation

Deprivation – Losing something which a person once had, (secure relationship, bonded with a mother). Child doesn’t want carer to leave, rejects when she returns: ROBERTSON+ROBERTSON: Protest – crying and struggling. Despair – becomes calm, cries quietly, unhappy Detachment – little emotion, unconcerned. Rejects carer when returns. SCHAFFER– certain children suffer more in separation situations: [...]

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Separation: Privation

Privation Privation – Never having something in the first place. Not having any secure loving relationship with any attachment figure at all. HODGES + TIZARD – Effects of privation looked at effects of early industrialisation, study of children who were placed into care before 4 moths. Children who had been adopted had fewer difficulties than [...]

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Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment and Delinquency

Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment and Delinquency Ethology – Observation of animal studies, he was influence by Timbergen and Lorenz Imprinting – Form of learning observed in some animals after birth, results in attachment to a parent. LORENZ – Goslings follow a human once they had hatched – short term response designed for bird’s safety. Imprinting [...]

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Attachment, Deprivation, and Privation: The Robertson’s Studies

James and Joyce Robertson’s studies James and Joyce Robertson conducted some observational studies of children who were between about seventeen months and three years, between 1948 and 1952, and followed these up later, during the 1960s. The children went into hospital or were placed in residential nurseries, separating them from their caregivers for periods from [...]

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Attachment, Deprivation, and Privation: Rutter’s Studies

Michael Rutter’s Studies Michael Rutter and his colleagues did not believe the claim that early experiences automatically would have a disturbing effect on later behaviour. They studied a group of 9- to 12-year-old boys on the Isle of Wight. They also conducted a study of a group of children in London whose parents had suffered [...]

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Attachment, Deprivation, and Privation: Bulldogs Bank Study

The Bulldogs Bank study In 1946 Anna Freud (Sigmund Freud’s daughter) and Sophie Dann began a case study of six war orphans who, with their mothers, had been placed in concentration camps by the Nazis during the second World War. Their parents had been killed not long after their imprisonment and the infants were looked [...]

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Attachment, Deprivation, and Privation: Robertsons and John

The Robertsons and John Earlier we mentioned the Robertson’s study of a seventeen-month-old infant called John, in a residential nursery. The Robertsons studied several such children, and. noticed the same sequence of behaviour in each of them. The sequence started with protest or distress, this gave way to despair, and finally turned into detachment. One [...]

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Attachment, Deprivation, and Privation: Jarmila Koluchova

In 1972 Jarmila Koluchova began reporting the case of identical twin boys in Czechoslovakia who had suffered the most severe deprivations. The mother died soon after the twins were born (in 1960) and their father had to place the children in care. Their father remarried a few months later and the twins returned home when [...]

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